1887

Abstract

Snakeheadvesiculovirus (SHVV), a new member of the family Rhabdoviridae, has caused enormous economic losses in snakehead fish culture during the past years in China; however, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of its pathogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in virus infection. In this study, we identified that SHVV infection downregulated miR-214 in striped snakehead (SSN-1) cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Notably, transfecting SSN-1 cells with miR-214 mimic significantly inhibitedSHVV replication, whereas miR-214 inhibitor promoted it, suggesting that miR-214 acted as a negative regulator of SHVV replication. Our study further demonstrated that N and P of SHVV were the target genes of miR-214. Over-expression of P, but not N, inhibited IFN-α production in SHVV-infected cells, which could be restored by over-expression of miR-214. Taken together, these results suggest that miR-214 is downregulated during SHVV infection, and the downregulated miR-214 in turn increased N and P expression and decreased IFN-α production, thus facilitating SHVV replication. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms on the pathogenesis of SHVV and a potential antiviral strategy against SHVV infection.

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2017-07-12
2019-10-15
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