1887

Abstract

Histone H4, a nucleosome subunit in eukaryotes, plays crucial roles in DNA package and regulation of gene expression through covalent modification. A viral histone H4 encoded in bracovirus (CpBV), a polydnavirus, is called . It is highly homologous to other histone H4 proteins excepting 38 extra amino acid residues in the N terminus. can form octamer with other histone subunits and alter host gene expression. In this study, was transiently expressed in a natural host () and its suppressive activity on host gene expression was evaluated by the suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique. The SSH targets down-regulated by were read with the 454 pyrosequencing platform and annotated using the genome of . The down-regulated genes (610 contigs) were annotated in most functional categories based on gene ontology. Among these SSH targets, 115 genes were functionally distinct, including two chromatin remodelling factors: a lysine-specific demethylase () and a chromatin remodelling complex [ (tch/ucrose on-ermentable)]. was highly expressed in all tested tissues during the entire larval period. Suppression of expression by specific RNA interference (RNAi) significantly (<0.05) reduced haemocyte nodule formation in response to immune challenge and impaired both larval and pupal development. was expressed in all developmental stages. Suppression of expression by RNAi reduced cellular immune response and interfered with adult metamorphosis. These results suggest that can alter host gene expression by interfering with chromatin modification and remodelling factors in addition to its direct epigenetic control activity.

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2016-10-13
2021-10-28
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