1887

Abstract

(PLPV) is a plus-strand RNA virus that has been proposed as type species of a tentative new genus, , in the family . One of the singular traits of members of this prospective genus is the production of a unique subgenomic (sg) mRNA that is structurally and functionally tricistronic. Here, we have aimed to get insights into the mechanism that governs PLPV sg mRNA transcription. A long-range RNA–RNA interaction that is critical for the process has been identified through RNA folding predictions and mutational analysis of the viral genome. Such interaction seems to occur in the plus-strand, likely acts in, and specifically mediates the synthesis of sg RNA-sized minus-strand. The accumulation of this RNA species is easily detectable in plants and its generation can be uncoupled from that of the plus-strand sg mRNA. All these data together with the observation that 5′ ends of PLPV genomic and sg mRNAs have sequence resemblances (as expected if both act as promoters in the corresponding minus-strand), support that premature termination is the mechanism underlying PLPV sg mRNA formation.

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2016-06-01
2019-12-11
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