1887

Abstract

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the causative agent of human diseases with distinct severity, from mild hand-foot-and-mouth disease to severe neurological syndromes, such as encephalitis and meningitis. Infection of several different cell lines with EV71 causes extensive cytopathic effect, leading to destruction of the entire monolayer and the death of infected cells. In this study, cell death processes during EV71 infection and the underlying mechanisms of them were investigated. The hallmarks of apoptosis, nuclear condensation and fragmentation, were observed 24 h after infection. Apoptosis in infected cells was also confirmed by detectable cleavage of cellular DNA and degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Transient expression of EV71 2A protease (2A) alone resulted in the induction of apoptotic change. Infection of EV71 or expression of EV71 2A leads to cleavage of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4GI, a key factor for host protein synthesis. This study added one more example to the growing list of human viruses that induce apoptosis by a virus-encoded protein.

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2002-06-01
2019-10-14
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