1887

Abstract

Protective immunity to African swine fever virus (ASFV) may involve a combination of both serological and cellular mechanisms. This work is focused on the identification of the possible relevant serological immunodeterminants of immunity. Thus, 14 serological immunodeterminants of ASFV have been characterized by exhaustive screening of a representative lambda phage cDNA expression library of the tissue culture-adapted Ba71V strain of ASFV. The library was constructed using RNA extracted from Vero cells infected for 3, 6, 9 and 12 h. A total of 150 clones was selected arbitrarily by antibody screening of the library with a polyclonal antiserum from a domestic pig surviving infection with the virulent Malta isolate of ASFV. Sequencing of these clones permitted identification of 14 independent viral proteins that stimulated an antibody response. These included six proteins encoded by previously unassigned open reading frames (ORFs) (B602L, C44L, CP312R, E184L, K145R and K205R) as well as some of the more well-studied structural (A104R, p10, p32, p54 and p73) and non-structural proteins (RNA reductase, DNA ligase and thymidine kinase). Immunogenicity of these proteins was confirmed by demonstrating the corresponding antibodies in sera from pigs infected either with the Malta isolate or with the OURT88/3–OURT88/1 isolate combination. Furthermore, the majority of these ORFs were also recognized by immune antiserum from the natural host, the bush pig, following secondary challenge with the virulent Malawi (SINT90/1) isolate of ASFV. Thus, it is possible that some of these determinants may be important in protection against virus infection.

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2002-06-01
2019-10-21
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