1887

Abstract

According to their cellular receptor use, measles virus (MV) strains can be separated into two phenotypes, CD46-using and CD46-non-using. A long chimeric receptor, CD46CD[55–46], was generated from the CD46 backbone, encompassing the four short consensus repeat (SCR) domains of CD46 linked via a flexible glycine hinge to SCR1 and SCR2 of CD55, SCR3 and SCR4 of CD46 and the STP, transmembrane and cytoplasmic tail of CD46. This chimeric receptor was proficient for MV binding but deficient in mediating MV-induced cell-to-cell fusion and virus replication, possibly due to the extended distance between the MV haemagglutinin (H) binding site (CD46 SCR1–SCR2) and the cell membrane. When coexpressed with either wild-type CD46 or CD150, this fusion-incompetent receptor exerted a dominant negative effect and inhibited both cell-to-cell fusion and entry of MV with CD46-using, but not CD46-non-using, phenotype. A soluble octameric CD46–C4bpα exhibited similar CD46- and CD150-mediated fusion inhibition properties only against CD46-using MV. This suggests that the long CD46CD[55–46] receptor acts by sequestering incoming MV prior to its binding to the shorter functional CD46 or CD150 receptor.

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2002-05-01
2019-10-16
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