1887

Abstract

The haemagglutinin (HA) of influenza A/H2N2 virus possesses six antigenic sites (I-A to I-D, II-A and II-B), and sites I-A, I-B and I-C are located in the regions corresponding to sites A, B and D on the H3 HA. We demonstrated previously that most escape mutants selected by mAbs to site I-A, I-B or I-C had acquired a new oligosaccharide at position 160, 187 or 131, respectively, but this has never occurred during circulation of A/H2N2 virus in humans. Here, to examine whether the H2 HA has the potential to gain two new oligosaccharides on its tip, 31 double escape mutants were isolated by using a single escape mutant with an oligosaccharide at position 160, 187 or 131 as a parental virus and a mAb to an antigenic site different from that to which the mAb used for selection of the parental virus was directed as a selecting antibody, but there were no mutants with two new oligosaccharides. Glycosylation-site HA mutants containing one to three oligosaccharides at positions 160, 187 and 131 were also constructed and their intracellular transport and biological activities were analysed. The results showed that all of the mutant HAs were transported to the cell surface but exhibited a decrease in both receptor-binding and cell-fusing activities. Thus, influenza A/H2N2 virus may have failed to increase the number of oligosaccharides on the HA because, if this happens, the biological activities of the HA are reduced, decreasing the ability of the virus to replicate in humans.

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2002-05-01
2019-12-13
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