1887

Abstract

During virus infection of insect cells, the nucleopolyhedrovirus chitinase is localized primarily within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which is consistent with the presence of a carboxy-terminal ER retention motif (KDEL). Release of chitinase into the extracellular medium appears to be concomitant with terminal cell lysis, rather than by active secretion. In this study, we have shown that mutation of the KDEL motif induces a partial redistribution of the chitinase at both early and late times post-infection. Deletion of the KDEL motif or substitution with glycine residues allowed chitinase to move through the secretory pathway, accumulating to detectable levels in the extracellular medium by 24 h post-infection; more than 48 h prior to cell lysis. Deletion of the KDEL motif did not compromise enzyme activity, with the modified enzyme exhibiting characteristic endo- and exo-chitinolytic activity. larvae infected with the modified virus were found to liquefy approximately 24 h earlier than larvae infected with a control virus in which the chitinase KDEL motif had not been deleted.

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2002-03-01
2020-09-29
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