1887

Abstract

During plaque purification of Spodoptera littoralis nucleopolyhedrovirus in Sl52 cell culture, a deletion mutant virus was isolated. Analysis of the biological properties of this mutant virus revealed an absence of infectivity of the occluded virus. Infectivity by injection of the non-occluded (budded) virus is not different between the wild-type and the deleted virus. Restriction analysis of the mutant virus genome revealed a 4·5 kb deletion within the I D fragment. The observed phenotype was mapped to the deleted region by rescue experiments. The deletion was characterized and the equivalent DNA fragment on the wild-type virus was sequenced. By co-transfecting the DNA of the deleted virus with plasmids derived from the wild-type virus, it was possible to determine that ORF 7 in this fragment is responsible for the observed phenotype. ORF 7, called ( infectivity factor), is homologous to ORF 119 of . Similar ORFs are present in all sequenced baculoviruses. The product of this gene is an occlusion body-derived virion structural protein required only for the first steps of larva infection, as viruses being produced in cells expressing the gene but not containing it in their genomes are able to produce successful infections.

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2002-12-01
2019-12-11
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