1887

Abstract

Borna disease virus (BDV) is an enveloped, non-segmented negative-stranded RNA virus which belongs to the family. BDV is an aetiological agent of encephalitis in horses, sheep and several other vertebrate species. In order to extend our knowledge about the presence of BDV in France, a study based on BDV RNA detection by RT–nested-PCR was done with 196 animal tissues: 171 brain samples collected from different animal species (75 horses, 59 foxes, 31 cattle, 4 dogs, 1 sheep, 1 roe deer) and 25 horse blood samples. An RNA internal standard molecule was constructed and was co-amplified with the test template. This study reports the first detection of BDV RNA in France in 10 brain samples collected from horses, foxes and cattle, and from 14 horse blood samples. Detection of the BDV genome in the brains of six red foxes is the first evidence of BDV infection in this species.

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2001-09-01
2019-09-18
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