1887

Abstract

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to the methyltransferase (MT) and helicase (HEL) domains of the closterovirus (BYV) were used for immunogold labelling of ultrathin sections of virus-infected plants. MAbs 4A2 and 4A5 from the MT panel, and 1C4 from the HEL panel, specifically labelled distinct closterovirus-induced membranous structures, the ‘BYV-type vesicles’, thus suggesting that the closterovirus MT-like and HEL-like proteins co-localize in these structures. Probing of the MT and HEL MAbs with synthetic octapeptides spanning the sequences of the recombinant MT and HEL fragments that had been used as immunogens showed that 4A5 and 4A2 recognized a single epitope, SRLLENET (aa 686–692 in the BYV 1a protein), and 1C4 reacted with the DDPF epitope (aa 2493–2496). These epitopes apparently reside on the exposed parts of the membrane-associated molecules of the closterovirus MT-like and HEL-like proteins. Two other epitopes determined for the MT MAbs that were nonreactive in the immunogold labelling, namely TMVTPGEL (aa 750–757; MAbs 3C5, 4B4 and 4C5) and SREQLVEA (aa 806–813; MAb 2A4), are possibly buried in the MT domain fold or shielded by membranes or other proteins involved in the viral replicative complex.

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2001-08-01
2020-01-26
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