1887

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-infected cells express a virus-encoded receptor that is able to bind the Fc part of IgG. Some basic binding properties of this Fc receptor (FcR) have been examined. The affinity constant ( ) for human IgG Fc fragment in its interaction with acetone-fixed, HCMV-infected human embryonic lung fibroblasts was estimated to be around 2×10 M and the number of binding sites was estimated to be around 2×10 per cell. Of the human IgG, IgA, IgM and IgD classes, only IgG reacted with the receptor, and all four of the IgG subclasses were reactive. IgG from rabbit, hamster, cat, swine and horse exhibited binding to the HCMV FcR, in contrast to IgG from mouse, rat, guinea pig, dog, sheep, goat, cow and chicken. Immunoglobulins with and without HCMV IgG FcR-binding properties, like IgG from rabbit and mouse, can be of value in revealing the functional importance of the receptor. When the immunoglobulins were tested against herpes simplex virus type 1-induced FcR, both similarities and differences in immunoreactivity were seen relative to the HCMV FcR, which makes it unlikely that the binding sites for these two herpesvirus FcRs on the IgG molecule are identical.

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2001-05-01
2020-07-10
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