1887

Abstract

Using transgenic pigs as the source of cells or organs for xenotransplantation is associated with the risk of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) transmission. Multiple proviruses are integrated into the genome of all pigs, and virus particles, some of which are able to infect human cells, are released from normal pig cells. In order to evaluate the potential risk posed by the transmission of PERVs, infection studies were performed as a basis for small animal as well as non-human primate models. infectivity was demonstrated for permanent cell lines and primary cells from a wide range of species. Productive infection was shown using reverse transcriptase (RT) assays and RT–PCR for mink, feline and human kidney cell lines, primary rhesus peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and baboon spleen cells and PBMCs as well as for different human lymphoid and monocyte cell lines and PBMCs. In an attempt to establish a small animal model, naive guinea pigs, non-immunosuppressed rats, rats immunosuppressed by cyclosporin-A and immunosuppressed rats treated with cobra venom factor were inoculated with PERVs produced from porcine kidney PK-15 cells, infected human 293 kidney cells and mitogen-stimulated porcine PBMCs. Animals were also inoculated with PERV-producing PK-15 and 293 cells. No antibodies against PERV and no provirus integration were observed in any of the treated animals. This suggests that productive infection of these animals did not occur in this experimental setting.

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2001-04-01
2020-07-09
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