1887

Abstract

After infection of CEM174.T2 cells [deficient for the transporter of antigen presentation (TAP)] with measles virus (MV) the nucleocapsid protein is recognized by L-restricted cytotoxic T cells in a TAP-independent, chloroquine-sensitive fashion. Presentation via the TAP-independent pathway requires virus replication. During MV infection of the cell the nucleocapsid as well as the matrix protein enter the endolysosomal compartment as indicated by colocalization with the lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP-1). Similarly, the nucleocapsid protein of canine distemper virus (CDV) is recognized in a TAP-independent fashion. In addition, a recombinant MV expressing bacterial β-galactosidase protein is able to introduce the recombinant antigen into the TAP-independent pathway whereas a vaccinia virus expressing β-galactosidase is not. These data and a report about TAP-independent recognition of parainfluenza virus type 1 suggest that members of the family regularly introduce viral proteins into the TAP-independent antigen-processing pathway.

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2001-02-01
2020-06-01
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