1887

Abstract

Previous findings indicated that HLA-DR is probably one of the most abundant cellular constituents incorporated within the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope. Given that the life-cycle of HIV-1 has been reported to be modulated by virion-bound host HLA-DR, an improved version of a virus capture technique was developed to assess the degree of HLA-DR incorporation in several clinical isolates of HIV-1 derived from primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Analysis of virus stocks purified from PBMCs and MDM indicated that primary isolates of HIV-1 bearing distinct tropism (i.e. T-, macrophage-, and dual-tropic) all incorporate host cell membrane HLA-DR protein. The amount of incorporated HLA-DR varies among the primary HIV-1 isolates tested. Propagation of some clinical HIV-1 isolates in either autologous PBMCs or MDM resulted in differential incorporation of virion-bound cellular HLA-DR depending on the nature of the virus producer cells. Differences in the degree of HLA-DR incorporation were also noticed when macrophage-tropic isolates of HIV-1 were produced in MDM from different donors. Altogether these data show that the efficiency of HLA-DR incorporation into the envelope of primary isolates of HIV-1 is a multifactorial phenomenon since it is affected by the virus isolate itself, the nature of host cells (i.e. PBMCs or MDM) and the donor source.

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2001-12-01
2019-10-13
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