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Abstract

Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), a gammaherpesvirus that is thought to be the viral aetiologic agent of Kaposi’s sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma, encodes a homologue to cellular interferon regulatory factors (IRFs). The HHV-8 IRF homologue (vIRF; ORF K9) has previously been shown to inhibit gene induction by interferons and IRF-1 and to transform NIH3T3 cells or Rat-1 cells. Additionally, expression of antisense to vIRF in BCBL-1 cells results in the repression of certain HHV-8 genes, suggesting that vIRF may also positively regulate gene expression. We demonstrate that vIRF activates transcription when directed to DNA by the GAL4 DNA-binding domain. GAL-vIRF truncation constructs that individually are incapable of activating transcription can cooperate in transactivation when coexpressed in HeLa cells, suggesting that multiple regions of vIRF are involved in transactivation. These studies broaden the potential mechanisms of action of vIRF to include transcriptional activation as well as transcriptional repression.

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1999-08-01
2020-01-23
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