Foamy viruses (FVs) are complex retroviruses which require for their replication the activity of a transcriptional trans-activator (Tas) as well as Tas-responsive elements in the viral promoters. A mutant of the chimpanzee FV strain, CFV/hu (previously called human FV), genome in which most of the U3 promoter of the CFV long terminal repeat was substituted by the constitutively active human cytomegalovirus immediate early gene enhancer/promoter was constructed. This plasmid (pTS12) and a derivative (pTS13), which has a deletion in the tas gene, gave rise to replication-competent virus. Compared with parental CFV, both mutants replicated only very poorly, with retarded growth kinetics and maximal cell-free virus titres reduced by approximately three orders of magnitude. Mutation of the DD35E motif of the CFV integrase to DA35E rendered the recombinant TS virus replication-deficient. This indicated that provirus integration is probably still required for this FV derivative, which had been converted from a complex regulated retrovirus into a simple one by incorporation of a constitutively active promoter from another virus which regularly does not integrate into the host cell genome.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error