Human papillomavirus type 6 (HPV-6) is the causative agent of condyloma acuminata, a common sexually transmitted disease. Virus-like particles (VLPs) assembled from the L1 major capsid protein represent promising candidates for prophylactic vaccines. However, any intratype sequence variation among HPV-6 L1 ORFs will influence which sequence is used for a vaccine according to its prevalence in the population and its propensity for VLP production. Therefore, we have analysed the entire L1 nucleotide sequence of 17 clinical isolates of HPV-6 from the London area. We found 28 positions where changes from the prototype HPV-6b L1 occurred, showing that HPV-6 L1 intratype variation is greater than previously reported. The most frequently observed substitutions are clustered into three discrete regions: R1 (nt 5920-6075), R2 (nt 6590-6670) and R3 (nt 7070-7230). Indeed, most of the nucleotide substitutions within the HPV-6 L1 reported worldwide also map to these regions. The R3 region contains predominantly non-silent substitutions, the most common of which is a G-to-C substitution at position 7079. This results in a Glu-to-Gln change at aa 431, although this change had no effect on VLP yield or stability. This substitution defines a new HPV-6 L1 amino acid sequence that is more abundant in the isolates examined than any other reported sequence.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error