1887

Abstract

Bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BHV-5) is the causative agent of a fatal meningo-encephalitis in calves and is closely related to BHV-1 which causes infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. The gene encoding BHV-5 glycoprotein gH was sequenced. A high degree of conservation was found between BHV-1 and BHV-5 deduced gH amino acid sequences (86·4%), which is also observed for all alphaherpesvirus gH sequences. Transcriptional analysis revealed a 3·1 kb mRNA as the specific gH transcript which was detected 2 h post-infection (p.i.). Twelve out of twenty-one MAbs directed against BHV-1 gH immunoprecipitated a 108–110 kDa glycoprotein, which was then designated BHV-5 gH. Synthesis and intracellular processing of BHV- 5 gH was analysed in infected MDBK cells using gH cross-reacting MAbs. Glycoprotein gH was expressed as a beta-gamma protein, detected by radioimmunoprecipitation as early as 3 h p.i. Glycosylation studies indicated that BHV-5 gH contains -linked carbohydrates which are essential for the recognition of the protein by the MAbs. This suggests that -linked glycans are involved in protein folding or are targets for the gH cross-reacting MAbs. Plaque- reduction neutralization assays showed that at least one BHV-1 gH antigenic domain is lacking in BHV-5 which may possibly relate to differences in virus tropism.

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1999-11-01
2019-10-20
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