The modulation of MHC class I molecule expression on the surface of cells as a consequence of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection has been examined. On cells infected with FMDV, class I expression was reduced to approximately 70% of the initial value 3 h after the infection and to 53% after 6 h. On cells depleted of surface class I complexes by acid treatment, the appearance of newly assembled class I-peptide complexes on the cell surface of non-infected cells increased immediately upon neutralization and original class I levels were recovered in about 20 h. In contrast, the appearance of new peptide-bound class I molecules on the cell surface was inhibited as early as 30 min after FMDV infection. Since the shut-down of FMDV-mediated host protein synthesis occurs approximately 2-3 h post-infection, this result suggests that an earlier event, which prevents the surface expression of newly synthesized complexes, is induced following FMDV infection. Thus, FMDV-infected cells rapidly become unable to present viral peptides in association with MHC class I molecules to T lymphocytes. Such a mechanism would assist virus evasion of the cytotoxic immune response of the host.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error