1887

Abstract

IL-2 and equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) initiated reactivation of equid herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) from venous lymphocytes at a frequency of 1/10(-5). Indirect immunofluorescence showed that > 80% of virus-positive leukocytes were CD5+/CD8+ with the remaining 20% being CD5+/CD8-/CD4-. Cocultivation demonstrated that the reactivated virus was infectious. In addition, virus was reactivated in vitro from leukocytes of > 70% of horses by the mitogens phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and pokeweed mitogen (PWM). Transfer of supernatants showed that IL-2 and eCG acted indirectly by causing the release of other mediators from adherent cells; these mediators then reactivated EHV-1 from T cells. Blocking experiments with anti-IL-2 showed that PWM and PHA acted via IL-2 but that eCG did not. This is the first clear definition of the lymphoid cells that harbour latent EHV-1 in vivo and correlates with current RT-PCR and in situ hybridization of latency-associated transcripts in lymphocytes. This method of reactivation in vitro can be used to detect horses carrying latent EHV-1 in vivo and also has the potential to dissect the sequence of events involved in reactivation in vitro.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-79-12-2997
1998-12-01
2019-10-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-79-12-2997
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error