1887

Abstract

The interaction between the host major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and the genotype of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) was analysed using syntheticfull-length non-structural (NS) 4Aproteins, residues 1658–1712, of genotypes 1b, 2b, 3a, 4a and 5a. Human and murine antibodies specific for the five NS4A genotypes analysed focused on residues 1688–1707. In immunized B10 H-2 con- genic mice, the H-2, H-2 and H-2 haplotypes were good responders to NS4A, irrespective of the viral genotype. In contrast, the H-2 haplotype was a low or non-responder to all NS4A genotypes, except for genotype 2b. Also, H-2- and H-2-restricted NS4A genotype 1b-specific T-cells focused on residues 1670–1679 and 1683–1692, respectively, whereas H-2-restricted NS4A genotype 2b-specific T-cells focused on the carboxy terminus. Interestingly, H-2-restricted genotype 1b-specific T-cells did not cross-react with T-cell site analogues of seven other genotypes, whereas the H-2-restric- ted, genotype 1b-specific T-cells cross-reacted with genotypes 1a, 4a and 5a. Thus the combination of viral genotype and host MHC profoundly influences the ability to mount an HCV NS4A-specific immune response.

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1997-11-01
2022-08-11
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