We have developed a panel of 14 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to POL, the catalytic subunit of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA polymerase encoded by gene UL30, and one MAb to the UL52 protein, another of the seven proteins essential for replication of HSV DNA. The approximate locations of the epitopes of the polymerase-specific MAbs were identified using truncated polymerase molecules, and the antibodies were characterized in a number of immunological assays allowing eight different specificities to be recognized. These MAbs, together with a polyclonal antibody raised in rabbits against a third DNA replication protein, ICP8, were used to localize the respective proteins by immunofluorescence in cells infected with wild-type HSV-1 or the DNA replication-defective mutants UL8 or 2-2. In BHK cells infected with UL8, a mutant with an amber termination codon within the coding region of gene UL8, the UL52 protein did not enter the nucleus, although ICP8 and POL entered the nucleus in a normal fashion. The failure of the UL52 protein to be correctly transported to the nucleus was also observed in both HFL and Vero cells infected with UL8. In contrast, UL52 protein was transported to the nucleus in BHK cells infected with wild-type HSV-1 or with 2-2, a mutant lacking a functional UL9 protein.


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