The effect of cyclosporin A (CsA) on the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was studied. CsA treatment inhibited virus production in chronically infected H9 and Molt-4 cells. CsA treatment of HeLaCD4-LTR/β-gal cells or extracellular viruses also inhibited infection (IC 1 µg/ml). The intracellular CsA-binding molecule cyclophilin A was detected in HIV-1 derived from chronically infected H9 cells, but it was present at a substantially lower level in HIV-1 derived from chronically infected Molt-4 cells. The low level of cyclophilin A in viral particles derived from Molt-4 cells correlated well with their substantially lower infectivity as assayed on HeLaCD4-LTR/β-gal cells. CsA treatment of infected cells showed a dose-dependent reduction of cyclophilin A incorporation into virions; the amount of cyclophilin A incorporation was found to be dependent on the producer cell type.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error