polydnavirus (MdPDV) is associated with , a parasitic wasp that attacks the larval stage of the lepidopteran . Previously, we observed that MdPDV induced several alterations in the granular cells and plasmatocytes of , the primary haemocytes involved in regulating the cellular immune response toward and other parasites. In examining the mechanisms underlying immunosuppression of this host, we found that MdPDV induced apoptosis of granular cells. Granular cells underwent apoptosis both when virus was injected into the haemocoel of larvae and after infection with MdPDV . Characteristics of MdPDV-induced apoptosis included condensation of chromatin, cell surface blebbing and fragmentation of DNA into a 200 bp ladder. Although MdPDV induced changes in the ability of plasmatocytes to adhere to foreign surfaces, apoptosis of this morphotype was not observed. Examples from the literature suggest that some viruses promote their own survival by suppressing apoptosis of host cells. However, since polydnaviruses are likely to be transmitted vertically, we suggest that MdPDV promotes its own survival by inducing apoptosis of host immune cells which would otherwise kill the developing egg.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error