1887

Abstract

We reported previously that the antigenicity of the haemagglutinin-esterase (HE) glycoprotein of the human influenza C virus strain C/Nara/1/85 was indistinguishable from that of strain C/Nara/82. However, the ribonuclease T1-oligonucleotide map of total virion RNA of C/Nara/1/85 differed remarkably from the map of C/Nara/82, resembling instead the map of C/Nara/ 2/85, which has an HE antigenicity dissimilar to C/Nara/82 and C/Nara/1/85. This observation raised the possibility that C/Nara/1/85 might have arisen by reassortment from two viruses closely related to C/Nara/ 82 and C/Nara/2/85, respectively. Here, we compared the total nucleotide sequence of the HE gene and partial sequences of the other genes of C/Nara/1/85 with those of C/Nara/82 and C/Nara/2/85. The results suggest that C/Nara/1/85 has inherited HE and NP genes from a C/Nara/82-related virus and the PB2, PB1, PA, M and NS genes from a C/Nara/2/85-related virus.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-75-12-3619
1994-12-01
2021-10-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/75/12/JV0750123619.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-75-12-3619&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adachi K., Kitame F., Sugawara K., Nishimura H., Nakamura K. 1989; Antigenic and genetic characterization of three influenza C strains isolated in Kinki district of Japan in 1982-1983. Virology 172:125–133
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bean W. J., Cox N. J., Kendal A. P. 1980; Recombination of human influenza A viruses in nature. Nature; London: 284638–640
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Buonagurio D. A., Nakada S., Desselberger U., Krystal M., Palese P. 1985; Noncumulative sequence changes in the hemagglutinin genes of influenza C virus isolates. Virology 146:221–232
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Buonagurio D. A., Nakada S., Fitch W. M., Palese P. 1986; Epidemiology of influenza C virus in man: multiple evolutionary lineages and low rate of change. Virology 153:12–21
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Guo Y. J., Desselberger U. 1984; Genome analysis of influenza C viruses isolated in 1981/82 from pigs in China. Journal of General Virology 65:1857–1872
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Guo Y. J., Xu X. Y., Cox N. J. 1992; Human influenza A (H1N2) viruses isolated from China. Journal of General Virology 73:383–388
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Homma M., Ohyama S., Katagiri S. 1982; Age distribution of the antibody to type C influenza virus. Microbiology and Immunology 26:639–642
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kawamura H., Tashiro M., Kitame F., Homma M., Nakamura K. 1986; Genetic variation among human strains of influenza C virus isolated in Japan. Virus Research 4:275–288
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kida H., Brown L. E., Webster R. G. 1982; Biological activity of monoclonal antibodies to operationally defined antigenic regions on the hemagglutinin molecule of A/seal/Massachusetts/1/80 (H7N7) influenza virus. Virology 122:38–47
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Lamb R. A. 1989; The genes and proteins of influenza viruses. In The Influenza Viruses pp. 1–87 Krug R. M. Edited by New York: Plenum;
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Li X. S., Zhao C. Y., Gao H. M., Zhang Y. Q., Ishida M., Kanegae Y., Endo A., Nerome R., Omoe K., Nerome K. 1992; Origin and evolutionary characteristics of antigenic reassortant influenza A (H1N2) viruses isolated from man in China. Journal of General Virology 73:1329–1337
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Matsuzaki Y., Muraki Y., Sugawara K., Hongo S., Nishimura H., Kitame F., Kastushima N., Numazaki Y., Nakamura K. 1994; Cocirculation of two distinct groups of influenza C virus in Yamagata city, Japan. Virology 202:796–802
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Nishimura H., Sugawara K., Kitame F., Nakamura K., Sasaki H. 1987; Prevalence of the antibody to influenza C virus in a northern Luzon highland village, Philippines. Microbiology and Immunology 31:1137–1143
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Nishimura H., Hongo S., Sugawara K., Muraki Y., Kitame F., Washioka H., Tonosaki A., Nakamura K. 1994; The ability of influenza C virus to generate cord-like structures is influenced by the gene coding for M protein. Virology 200:140–147
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ohyama S., Adachi K., Kitame F., Sugawara K., Nishimura H., Nakamura K. 1992; Antigenic and genetic analyses of eight influenza C strains isolated in various areas of Japan during 1985-1989. Epidemiology and Infection 108:353–365
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Racaniello V. R., Palese P. 1979; Isolation of influenza C virus recombinants. Journal of Virology 32:1006–1014
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Sanger F., Nicklen S., Coulson A. R. 1977; DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A 74:5463–5467
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Sugawara K., Nishimura H., Hongo S., Muraki Y., Kitame F., Nakamura K. 1993; Construction of an antigenic map of thehaemagglutinin-esterase protein of influenza C virus. Journal of General Virology 74:1661–1666
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Umetsu Y., Sugawara K., Nishimura H., Hongo S., Matsuzaki M., Kitame F., Nakamura K. 1992; Selection of antigenically distinct variants of influenza C viruses by the host cell. Virology 189:740–744
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Young J. F., Palese P. 1979; Evolution of human influenza A viruses in nature: recombination contributes to genetic variation of H1N1 strains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A 76:6547–6551
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-75-12-3619
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-75-12-3619
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error