We established HeLa cell lines that constitutively expressed the fusion (F) and/or haemagglutinin—neuraminidase (HN) glycoproteins of human parainfluenza virus type 4A (PIV-4A) and used them to analyse the roles of these glycoproteins in virus-induced cell fusion. No syncytium formation occurred, even in HeLa cells expressing both the F and HN proteins (HeLa-4aF + HN cells). Also no syncytium was found in a mixed culture of cells expressing the F protein (HeLa-4aF) and the HN protein (HeLa-4aHN). Syncytia were observed in HeLa-4aF cells transfected with the HN gene, but no syncytium formation was found in HeLa-4aHN cells transfected with the F gene. Co-cultivation of HeLa-4aF + HN cells with HeLa-4aF cells generated large polykaryocytes, whereas co-cultivation with HeLa-4aHN cells induced no cell fusion. Infection of HeLa-4aF cells with PIV-4A generated large syncytia and degenerated nuclei, whereas little or no polykaryocytes were found in HeLa-4aHN cells infected with PIV-4A. From the above findings, the following conclusions were drawn: (i) the expression of both the F and HN proteins in the same cell is necessary for cell fusion; (ii) the expression of the F protein alone enhances susceptibility to cell fusion; (iii) the constitutive expression of the HN protein promotes resistance to paramyxovirus-induced cell fusion.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error