1887

Abstract

A cDNA copy of the murine coronavirus [otherwise known as murine hepatitis virus (MHV)] surface (S) glycoprotein gene was isolated and expressed in DBT cells by using a recombinant vaccinia virus system. The expressed S protein induced extensive syncytium formation at neutral pH. Oligonucleotide mutagenesis was used to engineer an S protein gene in which codons for the proteolytic cleavage site, Arg-Arg-Ala-Arg-Arg, were replaced with an equal number of codons for amino acids with aliphatic or aliphatic hydroxyl side-chains. The mutated S protein was stably expressed in DBT cells and, in contrast to the wild-type protein, was not proteolytically cleaved. Nevertheless, the non-cleaved protein induced extensive syncytium formation. These results clearly indicate that the non-cleaved form of the MHV S protein is able to mediate cell membrane fusion. Thus proteolytic cleavage is not an absolute requirement for fusion activity.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-74-2-183
1993-02-01
2019-11-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-74-2-183
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error