1887

Abstract

A cDNA encoding the spike (S) protein of the neurovirulent murine coronavirus JHMV variant c1-2 was isolated and sequenced. Analysis of the cDNA revealed that the S protein consists of 1376 amino acids, as does the S protein of mouse hepatitis virus 4. We inserted the cDNA into the genome of vaccinia virus to obtain a recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV). The S protein expressed in RK13 cells infected by the rVV was shown to be electrophoretically and immunologically indistinguishable from the S protein produced in DBT cells infected with c1-2 virus. RVV infection of rats and mice induced S protein-specific antibody production detectable by immunofluorescence and neutralization. Moreover, the S protein expressed by the rVV induced syncytium formation not only in mouse DBT and L cells, which are susceptible to c1-2 virus infection, but also in rabbit RK13 cells, which are not susceptible to c1-2 virus infection. This result suggests the possibility that RK13 cells have binding sites for the c1-2 virus S protein.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-5-1065
1992-05-01
2019-10-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-73-5-1065
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error