1887

Abstract

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) fails to replicate in mouse T lymphocytes unless the cells have been mitogenically stimulated with concanavalin A (Con A). We have examined the possibility that the failure of VSV to replicate in unstimulated T lymphocytes can be attributed to a deficiency in a host protein kinase which activates the viral P protein by phosphorylation, thus rendering it transcriptionally competent. Soluble extracts were prepared from purified mouse T lymphocytes, with or without prior treatment with Con A. The ability of these extracts to phosphorylate bacterially synthesized P protein of two VSV serotypes was measured . Activity of the protein kinase on the P proteins of the Indiana or New Jersey serotypes of VSV increased, on average 2.4- and 2.1-fold respectively, after treatment of the cells with 3 µg/ml Con A. Higher concentrations of Con A induced proportional increases (up to 10-fold) in the activity of the host protein kinase. Activities of the kinase phosphorylating the P protein in separate populations of CD4- and CD8-containing murine T lymphocytes increased similarly on mitogenic activation. No biochemical or immunological differences were observed between the T cell protein kinase and the previously characterized protein kinase (casein kinase II) from BHK-21 cells. The activity of the kinase that phosphorylates the P protein did not vary in CV-1 cells on treatment with α- or γ-interferon, both of which inhibited VSV replication. Similarly, casein kinase II activities in Raji and SIRC cells, which do not normally support VSV growth, were the same as in BHK-21 cells. Thus restriction of VSV replication in these cells, in contrast to T lymphocytes, was not associated with a deficiency in the host casein kinase II activity.

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1992-12-01
2022-11-30
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