1887

Abstract

Three human and six bovine parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) strains were examined by the use of 60 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Fifty-three MAbs to the human C243 strain were directed against six, four, nine and seven epitopes of the haemagglutinin- neuraminidase (HN), fusion (F), nucleocapsid (N) and matrix proteins, respectively. Seven MAbs to the bovine strain were directed against three epitopes of the HN protein and three epitopes of the F protein. Each strain was characterized in ELISA and immunofluorescence tests with all MAbs and in a haemagglutination inhibition assay with the anti-HN MAbs. There were marked differences between human and bovine viruses, primarily in the HN protein where five epitopes differed. One epitope of the F and one of the N protein also differed. Bovine PIV3 was found to be a homogeneous subtype and distinct from human PIV3.

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1990-07-01
2021-10-17
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