In this paper we report on the identification of nonessential genes in the terminal repeats of the avipoxvirus fowlpox virus and the use of these as insertion sites in a vector system. Foreign genes inserted into these sites are shown to be present in two copies in the resultant recombinant virus. To test the potential use of this vector as a live vaccine the fusion gene of Newcastle disease virus has been inserted into a vaccine strain of fowlpox virus and inoculated into chickens. The experiments demonstrate the ability of the recombinant to protect chickens against challenge by a virulent strain of Newcastle disease virus and to elicit the formation of an anti-fusion protein antibody.


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