1887

Abstract

Three categories of cell lines are described with respect to their activity in binding Theiler ’s murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV). High, medium and low densities of viral receptors can be detected on cell lines from different species and origins by using an immunological binding assay. Nevertheless, TMEV acts as a fastidious virus that only infects a few cell types productively. No correlation between virion binding and degree of permissiveness to infection could be detected. The presence of viral receptors in both susceptible and resistant strains of mice seemed to have a widespread tissue distribution, the thymus being an exception. When primary cerebral cultures, enriched in neurons, astrocytes or oligodendrocytes, were checked in the immunological assay, a higher density of viral receptors was detected in the neuronal population. The number of virus-binding sites in the BHK-21 cell line is reported here to be 5 × 10 per cell; approximately 15 × 10 and 2·5 × 10 are the estimates of binding sites per cultured neuron and macroglial cell, respectively.

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1990-12-01
2022-01-21
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