We have expressed a number of polypeptides derived from the capsid proteins of the human parvovirus B19 in . These include native VP1 (84K) and VP2 (58K) proteins and also fusions to β-galactosidase containing differing amounts of the amino terminus of the VP1/2 polypeptide. Although each of these was expressed at high levels and the majority were produced as full-length proteins, only one was soluble. This soluble polypeptide, p132, is a β-galactosidase fusion protein that includes 145 amino acids from B19 which are entirely derived from the region unique to VP1. Despite containing such a small portion of VP1, which itself constitutes only 4% of total capsid protein, p132 reacted with all our known anti-B19 IgM-positive human serum samples. We conclude that this region contains epitopes which must be prominently exposed on the intact virus. We have demonstrated the use of this recombinant antigen in a simple diagnostic assay for B19-specific antibodies which can be used for initial screening of human serum samples. In a survey of 103 serum specimens, our ELISA positively identified all samples (19/19) which were positive by IgM antibody capture radioimmunoassay. The recombinant p132 antigen is efficiently produced and readily purified from , and its use as a diagnostic antigen should increase the availability of routine clinical testing for human parvovirus infection.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error