Vaccinia virus recombinants expressing the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genes encoding ICP0 or ICP4 were used to identify the precise target antigen(s) of murine anti-viral cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) specific for the non-structural immediate early proteins. These studies revealed that HSV-1-specific CTL, restricted to class I major histocompatibility complex genes of the H-2 haplotype but not the H-2 or H-2 haplotypes, would lyse autologous cells expressing ICP4. HSV-1-specific CTL derived from various mice strains failed to lyse target cells expressing ICP0. Calculation of the frequencies of H-2-restricted virus-specific CTL demonstrated that approximately a third of the total HSV-1-specific response was directed against ICP4. Immunization of mice with either recombinant vaccinia virus or transfected L cells expressing ICP4 induced HSV-1-specific lymphoproliferation and delayed hypersensitivity but CTLs were not induced. More importantly, such immunized animals were unable to resist or control a subsequent challenge with virulent HSV-1.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error