Herpes simplex virus (HSV) was isolated from organ cultures of anterior segments of the eyes of mice inoculated with virus on the snout or directly onto the cornea at least 5 weeks previously. The frequency of isolation of the virus was not decreased by treatment of the animals with acyclovir, suggesting that the virus is latent by the criteria usually applied. Peroxidase-antiperoxidase staining of organ cultures that had shed virus showed that viral antigens were predominantly present in the anterior uvea. Inoculation of mouse eye anterior segments showed that this tissue was the most susceptible to productive infection. These results suggest the possibility that HSV can establish a latent infection in tissues of the anterior segment of the mouse eye.


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