To study the pathogenicity of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) and to identify virulence determinants, we have isolated and phenotypically characterized a set of temperature-sensitive mutants. One mutant, PP269/38, was avirulent for 1-week-old BALB/c mice and restricted in its plaque formation and replication at 39 °C. Mutants PP242/68 and PP268/38 were 100-fold less virulent than salivary gland-grown virus (SGV), even after two passages in the salivary glands of 1-week-old mice. The former mutant was unable to replicate or form plaques at 39 °C whereas the latter replicated poorly at 39 °C but not at all at 40 °C although it was able to form plaques at 40 °C with a reduced plaque size. PP31/15 exhibited a 40-fold reduction in virulence compared to SGV after two passages and was unable to form plaques or to replicate at 40 °C; at 39 °C it was able to, with reduced efficiency. The remaining two mutants, PP99/3 and PP392/31, were 10-fold less virulent than SGV and were restricted at 40 °C. The six mutants have been classified into at least four complementation groups. These mutants may be useful for studying various aspects of MCMV pathogenicity.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error