Six monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to bovine coronavirus (BCV, Quebec isolate) E2 and E3 glycoproteins which were found previously to be neutralizing were examined for virus-neutralizing activity . Surgically ligated intestinal loops of newborn colostrum-deprived calves were virus-inoculated, mock-infected or inoculated with a mixture of virus and antibody. Of the six BCV-specific MAbs, four were found to be protective against a virulent field isolate of BCV, as indicated by a reduction in villous atrophy. These MAbs were specific to antigenic domain A and antigenic domains A1 and A2 on the E2 and E3 glycoproteins respectively. MAbs to antigenic domains B and C on the E2 and E3 glycoproteins, respectively, were not protective.


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