Three categories of cell lines are described which differ with respect to their permissiveness to mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), strain A59. Fully permissive L-2 cells gave rise to 100- to 1000-fold higher numbers of infectious centres than did semipermissive LM, LM-K or C-1300 cells, whereas non-permissive Vero or C-6 cells were refractory to MHV infection. On an infected cell basis, semi-permissive cells (LM, LM-K or C-1300) were as efficient in replicating viral RNA, protein and progeny virions as fully permissive L-2 cells. This result suggested that LM, LM-K and C-1300 cells were deficient in their ability to permit full expression (as compared to L-2 cells) of an early event in MHV infection. Assays of radiolabelled MHV binding to cells of all three categories (L-2, LM, LM-K and C-6) and of infectious MHV binding to L-2 and LM-K cells showed no correlation between virion binding and degree of permissiveness to MHV infection. Internalization of MHV virions into L-2 and LM-K cells, as assayed by proteinase K-resistant infectious centres, showed that, in both cases, maximum virion uptake was complete by approximately 40 min post-inoculation. Direct assays of infectious virion uptake showed similar numbers of internalized viruses (only a threefold difference between L-2 and LM-K cells, as compared to a 500-fold difference in infectious centres). Attempts to enhance MHV uptake into LM-K cells relative to L-2 cells, with DEAE-dextran or the cytoskeleton-disrupting drugs colchicine and cytochalasin B, were unsuccessful, further suggesting that the ability of LM-K cells to internalize the virus was not lacking. The results suggest that MHV infection of at least some semi-permissive cells, such as the LM-K line, is limited by a process which chronologically correlates with virion uncoating. Since LM-K cells have been shown previously to be resistant to membrane fusion in MHV infection, it is postulated that they may also restrict uncoating of MHV by limiting the degree of normal endosomal membrane fusion with the viral envelope.

Keyword(s): internalization , MHV and permissiveness

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error