Analysis of biopsies of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) revealed a high percentage with human papillomavirus (HPV) sequences that would hybridize to a mixture of HPV probes only under conditions of relaxed stringency. The DNA sequences of one of these viruses was molecularly cloned and shown to be a new HPV, type 52 (HPV-52). This virus is most closely related to HPV-33. Hybridization analysis with restriction fragments of HPV-52 showed collinearity with the HPV-33 genome. DNA sequencing revealed a high level of conservation between the two viruses within the L1 open reading frame but significant divergence in the non-coding region of the viral genomes. Prevalence studies indicated that HPV-52 sequences were present in three of 137 (2%) CIN and in one of 48 (2%) cervical squamous cell cancers studied in the U.S.A.


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