Direct biochemical evidence for the existence of mutations in five of the RNA segments of the A/Leningrad/134/57 cold-adapted 47th passage mutant as compared with its wild-type progenitor has been obtained using two techniques. T oligonucleotide mapping of total viral RNA as well as of individual RNA segments revealed changes in RNAs 4, 5 and 6. Analysis of S nuclease-treated RNA-RNA hybrids on polyacrylamide gels revealed changes in at least one of the polymerase genes as well as in RNAs 4, 5, 6 and 7. These findings provide a direct demonstration for the existence of multiple mutations in the cold-adapted mutant vaccine strain.

Keyword(s): influenza A virus , mutations and vaccine

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