Recombinant human interferon-γ (HuIFN-γ) injected into rabbits disappeared from the circulation more rapidly than natural IFN-γ. The latter displayed an initial decay curve more rapid than that for natural HuIFN-α although 4 h after injection plasma levels were similar. This result suggests that IFN-γ has pharmacokinetic properties different to those of IFN-α which may be explained by considerable and simultaneous hepatic and renal catabolism. Surprisingly, the hepatic uptake of recombinant (unglycosylated) IFN-γ was more marked than uptake of natural IFN-γ. Moreover, both IFN-γ preparations were cleared by the isolated and perfused kidney and once again the recombinant IFN disappeared more rapidly. This result does not conform with the suggestion that IFN-γ exists as a tetramer which would not be filtered by the glomerulus, but is consistent with the pharmacokinetic behaviour shown .


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