We have determined the herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 DNA sequences responsible for the initiation of morphological transformation and have investigated the retention and expression of these sequences in morphologically transformed cells and in tumours derived from these cells. All the transformed cells analysed were selected by a focus formation assay and are oncogenic in the inbred host rat. Cloned dIII and II fragments from the HSV-2 genome were assayed for the ability to initiate morphological transformation of rat embryo cells. Only the dIII (map units 0.52 to 0.72) and the II (0.582 to 0.612) clones gave transformed foci. This shows that the II region is responsible for initiation of transformation. Southern blot analysis of DNA extracted from these transformed cells and from tumours derived from these transformed cells revealed that neither the II fragment nor fragments of 500 bp mapping within it are detected at the level of one copy per cell and therefore need not be retained in the cell to maintain the oncogenic phenotype. In addition there was no evidence of expression of the HSV-specified ribonucleotide reductase activity which is partially encoded within the II fragment of HSV-2. We also analysed DNA from rat embryo cells transformed by mutants of HSV-2 (HG52) or HSV-1 (HFEM or 17) at non-permissive temperature or by virus at supraoptimal temperature or by sheared virus DNA and DNA from tumours derived from lines of these transformed cells. In addition, we cloned both transformed and tumour cell lines and analysed these similarly. In no case could we detect HSV DNA sequences at the level of one copy per cell.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error