1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

Viruses isolated from ticks () and a kittiwake () from a seabird colony at St. Abb’s Head, Scotland, were shown by complement fixation tests (CFT) to be antigenically related to the Uukuniemi and Kemerovo serogroups. Electron microscopic examination of cell cultures infected with the Kemerovo group viruses revealed particles characteristic of orbiviruses, 72 ± 3 nm in diam., with an inner core 37 ± 3 nm in diam., in association with intracytoplasmic, densely staining granular areas, and with fibrillar and tubular structures. Cell cultures infected with the Uukuniemi group viruses revealed characteristic bunyavirus particles, 94 ± 7 nm in diam., with a closely adherent envelope. Both orbi- and bunyaviruses were isolated from two tick pools and the kittiwake. A third tick pool contained an orbivirus which cross-reacted with the other isolates in CFT and fluorescent antibody tests, but was distinguished from them by neutralization tests.

Keyword(s): bunyavirus , orbivirus , seabird and tick
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-57-1-127
1981-11-01
2023-02-02
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/57/1/JV0570010127.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-57-1-127&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Arthur D. R. 1963 British Ticks London: Butterworths;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Berge T. O. 1975; International Catalogue of Arboviruses Including Certain Other Viruses of Vertebrates. DHEW Publication No. CDC 75–8301 Washington D. C:
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bishop D. H. L., Calisher C. H., Casals J., Chumakov M. P., Gaidamovich S. Ya., Hannoun C., Lvov D. K., Marshall I. D., Oker-Blom N., Pettersson R. F., Porterfield J. S., Russell P. K., Shope R. E., Westaway E. G. 1980; Bunyaviridae. Intervirology 14:125–143
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Borden E. C., Shope R. E., Murphy F. A. 1971; Physicochemical and morphological relationships of some arthropod-borne viruses to bluetongue virus – a new taxonomic group. Physicochemical and serological studies. Journal of General Virology 13:261–271
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Casals J. 1971 International Symposium on Tick-borne Arboviruses (excluding group B), Smolenice 9–12 Sept 1969 pp 13–20 Edited by Grestkova M. Bratislava: Slovak Academy of Sciences;
  6. Chumakov M. P., Karpovich L. G., Sarmanova E. S., Sergeeva G. I., Bychkova M. B., Tapupere V. O., Libikova H., Mayer V., Rehacek J., Kozuch O., Ernek E. 1963; Reports on the isolation from Ixodes persulcatus ticks and from patients in western Siberia of a virus differing from the agent of tick-borne encephalitis. Acta virologica 7:82–83
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Clarke D. H., Casals J. 1958; Techniques for haemagglutination and haemagglutination-inhibition with arthropod-borne viruses. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 7:561–573
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Clifford C. M. 1979; Tick-borne viruses of seabirds. In Arctic and Tropical Arboviruses pp 83–100 Edited by Kurstak E. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Converse J. D., Hoogstraal H., Moussa M. I., Evans D. E. 1976; Soldado virus from Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) maritimus (Ixodoidea: Argasidae) infesting herring gull nests on Puffin island, northern Wales. Acta virologica 20:243–246
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Grist N. R., Bell E. J., Follett E. A. C., Urquhart G. E. D. 1979 Diagnostic Methods in Clinical Virology Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications;
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hoogstraal H. 1973; Viruses and ticks. In Viruses and Invertebrates pp 349–390 Edited by Gibbs A. J. Amsterdam: North-Holland;
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Keirans J. E., Yunker C. E., Clifford C. M., Thomas L. A., Walton G. A., Kelly T. C. 1976; Isolation of a Soldado-like virus (Hughes group) from Ornithodoros maritimus ticks in Ireland. Experientia 32:453–454
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Mcbmde W. D. 1959; Antigenic analysis of polioviruses by kinetic studies of serum neutralisation. Virology 7:45–58
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Madrid De A. T., Porterfield J. S. 1969; A simple micro-culture method for the study of group B arboviruses. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 40:113–121
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Main A. J. 1978; Tindholmur and Mykines: two new Kemerovo group orbiviruses from the Faeroe islands. Journal of Medical Entomology 15:11–14
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Main A. J., Downs W. G., Shope R. E., Wallis R. C. 1973; Great Island and Bauline: two new Kemerovo group orbiviruses from Ixodes uriae in eastern Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology 10:229–235
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Main A. J., Shope R. E., Wallis R. C. 1976a; Cape Wrath: a new Kemerovo group orbivirus from Ixodes uriae (Acari: Ixodidae) in Scotland. Journal of Medical Entomology 13:304–308
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Main A. J., Downs W. G., Shope R. E., Wallis R. C. 1976b; Avalon and Clo Mor: two new Sakhalin group viruses from the north Atlantic. Journal of Medical Entomology 13:309–315
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Matthews R. E. F. 1979; Reoviridae. Intervirology 12:199–208
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Murphy F. A., Borden E. C., Shope R. E., Harrison A. 1971; Physicochemical and morphological relationships of some arthropod-borne viruses to bluetongue viruses - a new taxonomic group. Electron microscopic studies. Journal of General Virology 13:273–288
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Porterfield J. S., Rowe C. E. 1960; Haemagglutination with arthropod-borne viruses and its inhibition by certain phospholipids. Virology 11:765–770
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Prato Da E. S., Prato S. R. D. Da 1978 Berwickshire Seabird Populations Nature Conservancy Council S. E. Region; Edinburgh:
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Sekeyova M., Gresikova M., Stupalova S. 1970; Serological study in the distribution of Uukuniemi virus in man. Folia Parasitologica 17:341–343
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Shope R. E., Sather G. E. 1979; Arboviruses. In Diagnostic Procedures for Viral, Rickettsial and Chlamydial Infections 5th edn pp 767–814 Edited by Lennette E. H., Schmidt N. J. Washington D. C.: American Public Health Association;
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Traavik T., Ehl R. 1977; Uukuniemi group viruses isolated in Norway. Archives of Virology 54:317–331
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Traavik T., Mehl R., Kjeldsberg E. 1977; ‘Runde’ virus, a coronavirus-like agent associated with seabirds and ticks. Archives of Virology 55:25–38
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Yunker C. E., Clifford C. M., Keirans J. E., Thomas L. A., Cory J. 1973; Tickborne viruses in western North America. II. Yaquina Head, a new arbovirus of the Kemerovo group isolated from Ixodes uriae. Journal of Medical Entomology 10264–269
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-57-1-127
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-57-1-127
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error