Chinese hamster ovary cells harbour intracytoplasmic virus-like particles of type A which are closely associated with sites of microtubule formation. We report here the enhanced proliferation of these particles and their release at the cell membrane by using either 5-bromodeoxyuridine or dibutyryl cyclic AMP. The extracellular mature particles are similar in morphology to retroviruses of type B. Close association of the type A virus precursors with microtubule organizing centres, i.e. kinetochores, centrioles and basal bodies, and with microtubules , is confirmed by studying the effects of the microtubule inhibitors Colcemid and vincristine sulphate. The role of microtubules in the activation and transport of the intracytoplasmic type A particles is discussed.


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