1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

Using pairs of smooth and rough forms of , six smooth-specific bacteriophages were isolated from sewage and another was obtained from Dr Hedda Milch, Budapest. Upon incubation of the individual extracted (smooth) host cell wall lipopolysaccharides with the homologous purified viruses, liberation of reducing groups (i.e. of about di- to nonasaccharides) was observed in four cases, indicating the action of glycanases — but no liberation of acetic acid, indicating the absence of esterase activity. Under the electron microscope, all phages were seen to exhibit Bradley group B or C morphology and to carry tail spikes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-34-2-381
1977-02-01
2021-10-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/34/2/JV0340020381.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-34-2-381&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adams M. H. 1959 In Bacteriophage pp 454–456 New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bessler W., Freund-Mölbert E., Knüfermann H., Rudolph C., Thurow H., Stirm S. 1973; A bacteriophage-induced depolymerase active on Klebsiella K11 capsular polysaccharide. Virology 56:134–151
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bradley D. E. 1967; Ultrastructure of bacteriophages and bacteriocins. Bacteriological Reviews 31:230–314
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Carrascosa J. L., Camacho A., Viñuela E., Salas M. 1974; A precursor of the neck appendage protein of B. subtilis phage ø 29. FEBS Letters 44:317–321
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Dubois M., Giles K. A., Hamilton J. K., Rebers P., Smith F. 1956; Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry 28:350–356
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fromme I., Beilharz H. 1976; Gas chromatographic assay of total and O-acetyl in bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Analytical Biochemistry (in the press)
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Iwashita S., Kanegasaki S. 1973; Smooth specific phage adsorption: endorhamnosidase activity of tail parts of P22. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 55:403–409
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Iwashita S., Kanegasaki S. 1975; Release of O antigen polysaccharide from Salmonella newington by phage e34. Virology 68:27–34
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kanegasaki S., Iwashita S., Tomita T. 1975; Mechanism of Salmonella phage infection. Third International Congress for Virology, Madrid Abstract, p 213 Frankfurt (GFR): Hoechst AG;
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kanegasaki S., Wright A. 1973; Studies on the mechanism of phage adsorption: interaction between phage ϵ15 and its cellular receptor. Virology 52:160–173
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kotelko L., Gromska W., Papierz M., Szer K., Krajewska D., Sidorczyk Z. 1974; The constitution of ‘core’ in Proteus lipopolysaccharides. Journal of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Microbiology and Immunology 18:405–410
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kwiatkowski B., Beilharz H., Stirm S. 1975; Disruption of VI bacteriophage III and localization of its deacetylase activity. Journal of General Virology 29:267–280
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Lindberg A. A. 1973; Bacteriophage receptors. Annual Review of Microbiology 27:205–241
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Losick P. W., Robbins R. 1969; The receptor site for a bacterial virus. Scientific American 221:121–124
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Lüderitz O., Westphal O., Staub A. M., Nikaido H. 1971; Isolation and chemical and immunological characterization of bacterial lipopolysaccharides. In Microbial Toxins vol IV pp 145–233 Edited by Weinbaum G., Kadis S., Ajl S. J. New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Mayer H., Schmidt O. 1973; The occurrence of three different lipopolysaccharide cores in Shigella, and their relationship to known enterobacterial core types. Zentralblatt fűr Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Erst Abteilung Originale, Reihe A 224:345–354
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Möller O. 1948 In Bacterial variation in Escherichia coli Lund: Gleerupska Universitets-Bokhandeln;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Park J. T., Johnson M. J. 1949; A submicrodetermination of glucose. Journal of Biological Chemistry 181:149–151
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Rapin A. M. C., Kalckar H. M. 1971; The relation of bacteriophage attachment to lipopolysaccharide structure. In Microbial Toxins vol IV pp 267–307 Edited by Weinbaum G., Kadis S., Ajl S. J. New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Reske K., Wallenfels B., Jann K. 1973; Enzymatic degradation of O-antigenic lipopolysaccharides by coliphage O 8. European Journal of Biochemistry 36:167–171
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rieger D., Freund-Mölbert E., Stirm S. 1976; Escherichia coli capsule bacteriophages. VIII. Fragments of bacteriophage 28–1. Journal of Virology 17:859–864
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Schmidt G. 1972; Basalstrukturen von Lipopolysacchariden verschiedener Enterobacteriaceen. Genetische und serologische Untersuchungen an R-Mutanten. Zentralblatt fűr Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Erste Abteilung Originale, Reihe A 220:472–476
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Schmidt G., Fromme I., Mayer H. 1970; Immunochemical studies on core lipopolysaccharides of Entero-bacteriaceae of different genera. European Journal of Biochemistry 14:357–366
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Schmidt G., Jann B., Jann K. 1970; Immunochemistry of R lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli. Studies on R mutants with an incomplete core, derived from E. coli 08: K27. European Journal of Biochemistry 16:382–392
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Schmidt G., Lüderitz O. 1969; Untersuchungen zur Typisierung von Salmonella-K-Foimen. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Erst Abteilung Originate 210:381–387
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Stirm S., Freund-molbert E. 1971; Escherichia coli capsule bacteriophages. II. Morphology. Journal of Virology 8:330–342
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Takeda K., Uetake H. 1973; In vitro interaction between phage and receptor lipopolysaccharide: a novel glycosidase associated with Salmonella phage e15. Virology 52:148–159
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Takeda K., Uetake H., Toyama S. 1975; Adsorption and receptor-splitting enzyme of Salmonella phage ϵ34. Third International Congress for Virology, Madrid abstract, p 213 Frankfurt (GFR): Hoechst AG;
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Uetake H., Luria S. E., Burrous J. W. 1958; Conversion of somatic antigens in Salmonella by phage infection leading to lysis or lysogeny. Virology 5:68–91
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Watson G., Paigen K. 1971; Isolation and characterization of an Escherichia coli bacteriophage requiring cell wall galactose. Journal of Virology 8:669–674
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Westphal O., Jann K. 1965; Bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Extraction with phenol-water and further applications of the procedure. In Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry vol V pp 83–91 Edited by Whistler R. L., Wolfrom M. L. New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Yamamoto K. R., Alberts B. M., Benzinger R., Lawhorne L., Treiber G. 1970; Rapid bacteriophage sedimentation in the presence of polyethylene glycol and its application to large scale virus purification. Virology 40:734–744
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-34-2-381
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-34-2-381
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error