Human lymphoid cells (NC-37) were infected with attenuated measles vaccine virus (Schwarz, AIK-C, and CAM-70 strains), subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus (Mantooth and Halle strains), neurovirulent TYCSA strain, and wild type virus (Edmonston and Toyoshima strains) at an input multiplicity of 0.01. These strains were divided into two groups by their capacity to establish carrier states. CAM-70, Toyoshima, and Edmonston strains did not set up persistent infections in NC-37 cells, whereas AIK-C strain induced chronic cyclic infection and the Schwarz, TYCSA, Mantooth and Halle strains could set up persistent infections and furthermore two types of persistent infections were recognizable. Cells persistently infected with Schwarz strain contained nucleocapsid structures in both nucleus and cytoplasm, and produced infectious virus of 10 to 10 p.f.u./ml over 100 days after the inoculation of the virus but the cap-formation of measles antigens on the cell membrane was seldom observed. However, in cells persistently infected with TYCSA strain, nucleocapsid structures were rarely observed in the nucleus, but the cap-formation of measles antigens on the cell membrane was often observed. The titre of carried virus was always higher than the number of cells in the range of 10 to 10 p.f.u./ml. Mantooth strain was similar to Schwarz strain and Halle strain was similar to TYCSA strain in the properties of their carrier states. These carrier states were stable and the cells grew normally for over one year.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error