1887

Abstract

A novel mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain HN2, was isolated from groundwater sampled from the subsurface siliceous mudstone of the Wakkanai Formation located in Horonobe, Hokkaido, Japan. The bacterium was Gram-negative and vibrio-shaped, and its motility was conferred by a single polar flagellum. Cells had desulfoviridin. Catalase and oxidase activities were not detected. It grew in the temperature range of 25–40 °C (optimum, 35 °C) and pH range of 6.3–8.1 (optimum, pH 7.2–7.6). It used sulfate, thiosulfate, dimethyl sulfoxide, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate, Fe, and manganese oxide, but not elemental sulfur, nitrite, nitrate, or fumarate as electron acceptors. The strain showed weak growth with sulfite as the electron acceptor. Fermentative growth with pyruvate, lactate and cysteine was observed in the absence of sulfate, but not with malate or fumarate. NaCl was not required, but the strain tolerated up to 40 g l. Strain HN2 did not require vitamins. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C (23.8 %), C 9 (18.4 %), C (15.0 %), C (14.5 %), and anteiso-C (10.1 %). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-6(H). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 56.7 mol%. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the closest phylogenetic relative of strain HN2 is JS1 (97.0 %). Digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of the strains HN2 and JS1 were 22.2 and 79.8 %, respectively. Based on the phenotypic and molecular genetic evidence, we propose a novel species, sp. nov. with the type strain HN2 (=DSM 101010=NBRC 112213).

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • NotApplicable , Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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2021-02-16
2021-03-02
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