1887

Abstract

An endophytic actinobacterium, strain CLES2, was discovered from the surface-sterilized stem of a Thai medicinal plant, Burm. f., collected from the Phujong-Nayoa National Park, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand. The results of a polyphasic taxonomic study identified this strain as a member of the genus and a Gram-stain-positive, aerobic actinobacterium. It had well-developed substrate mycelia, which were non-motile and possessed paired spores. A phylogenetic evaluation based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed this strain in the family , being most closely related to NEAU-TX2-2 (99.4 %), 2C-HV3 (99.2 %), CR1-09 (99.2 %) and JCM 3021 and NEAU-HEGS1-5 (both at 99.1 %). The major cellular fatty acid of this strain was iso-C and major menaquinone was MK-9(H). The polar lipid profile of strain CLES2 contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol dimannosides. These chemotaxonomic data confirmed the affiliation of strain CLES2 to the genus . The DNA G+C content of this strain was 70 mol%. Digital DNA–DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain CLES2 and CR1-09 were 62.4 and 94.0 %, respectively. The results of the polyphasic study allowed the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain CLES2 from its closest species with valid names. The name proposed for the new species is sp. nov. The type strain is CLES2 (=DSM 101759=NRRL B-65340).

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Onuma Kaewkla , Office of the Higher Education Commission , (Award contract number MRG5580168)
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2020-10-23
2021-02-26
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