1887

Abstract

’ was originally described in 1912 by Noguchi but the name was not validly published and no type strain was designated. The taxon was not included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and hence has no standing in nomenclature. Six strains positive in a ‘’ phylogroup-specific PCR test were isolated from digital dermatitis (DD) lesions of cattle and further characterized and compared with the human strain ‘’ ATCC 27087. Results of phenotypic and genotypic analyses including API ZYM, VITEK2, MALDI-TOF and electron microscopy, as well as whole genome sequence data, respectively, showed that they form a cluster of species identity. Moreover, this species identity was shared with ‘’-like strains reported in the literature to be regularly isolated from bovine DD. High average nucleotide identity values between the genomes of bovine and human ‘’ were observed. Slight genomic as well as phenotypic variations allowed us to differentiate bovine from human isolates, indicating host adaptation. Based on the fact that this species is regularly isolated from bovine DD and that the name is well dispersed in the literature, we propose the species sp. nov., nom. rev. The species can phenotypically and genetically be identified and is clearly separated from other species. The valid species designation will allow to further explore its role in bovine DD. The type strain for sp. nov., nom. rev. is B43.1 (=DSM 110455=NCTC 14362) isolated from a bovine DD lesion in Switzerland.

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2020-01-30
2020-02-28
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